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updated: 1/6/2014 11:00 AM

Tips for Surviving the Frigid Temperatures from

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Advocate Good Shepherd Hospital

January 6, 2014, Barrington, IL - Midwesterners are quite used to Mother Nature's fickle ways during the winter, but with today's extreme temperatures, a medical expert from Advocate Good Shepherd Hospital shares tips to stay safe.

While staying inside under a blanket sounds ideal, most of us need to go outside either to run errands or head to work. When spending time outside in subzero temperatures, Dr. Melinda Einfalt an internist at Good Shepherd Hospital advises the following:

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"One of the most important things can do in weather like this is to limit the amount of time you are exposed to the elements," says Dr. Einfalt. "Try not to be outside any longer than 20 minutes since any longer and you risk frostbite."

A few tips to help cope:

- Cover yourself completely to limit the amount of skin exposed to the elements. Make certain to cover your head, face, neck and hands, where most of your body heat can escape.

- Layer your clothing. Thermal underwear is always a good choice, as are sweaters and double layers of heavy socks. For outer layers, make certain you wear a heavy material, such as wool or down.

- Overexertion can be dangerous. When you do too much, your body heats up, naturally sweating to cool itself down. This added wetness can be extremely dangerous in low wind chills, adding to the risk of frostbite and hypothermia.

- If your head or feet get wet, your body will lose heat much faster. Layers help to protect against wetness, as you can remove a top layer if it gets wet to avoid soaking through to the clothing nearest your body.

- Avoid drinking alcohol since it can only make you think you're warm. When you drink, it dilates the peripheral blood vessels near your skin, which means more blood -- and heat -- flows to these vessels away from the core of your body.

"If you notice any areas of your skin that have changed color--white, gray or yellow--you may have frostbite," Dr. Einfalt says. "The majority of frostbite can be successfully treated when caught in time, so get to your doctor immediately."

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About Advocate Good Shepherd Hospital

Advocate Good Shepherd Hospital in Barrington, Illinois is a 169-bed acute care hospital with more than 700 physicians representing 50 medical specialties. It is part of Advocate Health Care, named one of the Top Ten hospital systems in the U.S. by Thomson-Reuters. For the second consecutive year, Good Shepherd has been named one of the nation's 50 Top Cardiovascular Hospitals by Truven Health Analytics. Advocate is a faith-based organization that exists to serve its communities. Advocate contributed $571 million in charitable care and services to communities across Chicagoland and Central Illinois in 2012. For more about Advocate Good Shepherd Hospital, visit www.advocatehealth.com/goodshep

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