State legislator argues Pritzker should rescind orders or go to jail
SPRINGFIELD -- State Rep. Darren Bailey asked a downstate judge this week to agree that Gov. J.B. Pritzker violated a court ruling when he issued three COVID-19-related executive orders in July.
Those orders allowed K-12 schools to hold in-person classes while following public health guidelines, ordered the Department of Corrections to take inmate transfers from county jails at the discretion of the director, and reinstated almost 30 previously announced decrees.
Bailey, a Xenia Republican, also asked Clay County Circuit Court Judge Michael McHaney, who previously sided with the representative, to hold Pritzker in jail until he "purges himself by rescinding the above-mentioned executive orders," according to a court document.
In a July 2 ruling, McHaney nullified all the governor's executive orders related to the coronavirus pandemic made after April 8 -- the date Pritzker's first disaster proclamation expired. The judge also decided that the Illinois Department of Public Health, not the governor, has the "supreme authority" to close businesses and restrict residents' activities in a public health crisis
By performing "willful actions," Pritzker participated in "contemptuous acts which are calculated to embarrass, hinder, or obstruct this honorable court in its administration of justice, and are expressly calculated to derogate from its authority or dignity," Bailey's attorney, Thomas DeVore, wrote in a court document.
Pritzker's office, Bailey and legal experts disagree on the scope of McHaney's order. The representative and his lawyer maintain it applies statewide, while others, including the governor, assert it affects only Clay County.
The last scheduled hearing in Bailey's lawsuit -- in which the judge was to hear arguments on one of two remaining issues -- was canceled and has not been rescheduled. Before the state attorney general's office can ask a higher court to reconsider his order, McHaney needs to decide whether the COVID-19 pandemic met the definition of a disaster in Pritzker's April 30 state of emergency.
He also needs to address a complaint DeVore added in late July alleging, in part, the governor should not be permitted to issue additional orders that affect Clay County.
DeVore is asking the judge to hold a hearing on whether Pritzker breached his ruling. If McHaney agrees to do so, an official with the state attorney general's office would need to appear in Clay County to defend the governor's actions. Pritzker himself would likely not be required to travel from Chicago, according to Scott Szala, who teaches about the state constitution at the University of Illinois College of Law.
Bailey additionally wants the governor to reimburse him for attorney fees.
The state attorney general's office, in a document filed in early July, raised a question about whether McHaney had authority to rule in this case. The federal court that denied the state's request to take over the lawsuit did not formally hand the case back to the Clay County circuit court until July 6, four days after McHaney handed down his order.
Also on Wednesday, Illinois' highest court reassigned four lawsuits filed by DeVore challenging aspects of Pritzker's authority to manage the coronavirus pandemic to Sangamon County.
Devore alleged in cases originally based in Edgar, Clinton and Richland Counties that a disaster as defined by statute did not exist there, and the governor's orders should not apply. Another filed by DeVore on behalf of his children argued high school sports should continue despite Pritzker's restrictions.
Those four cases were consolidated with the one lawsuit the attorney had pending in Sangamon County.