Report details community colleges' impact on economy, earnings
SPRINGFIELD -- Illinois community colleges have a multibillion-dollar impact on the state's economy and will be "integral in making a recovery from the pandemic an equitable one," according a new report from the Northern Illinois University Center for Governmental Studies.
The Illinois Community Colleges' Economic Impacts and Student Employment Outcomes report said the indirect economic output tied to community colleges in 2020 was $3.5 billion. Directly, the state's 48 community colleges employed 32,867 individuals in 2020 at a total combined salary of $1.3 billion.
Lazaro Lopez, chair of the Illinois Community College Board, said at a news conference unveiling the study that it proves what an economic force the state's community college system is.
"As the largest workforce training provider in Illinois, community colleges create an educated and skilled workforce that addresses current and future needs of many critical industries throughout our state," he said. "And through this work, community colleges provide a substantial economic benefit for the state and local communities where they reside."
An investment in a completed associate degree is worth $238,000, according to the report, meaning someone completing a degree can expect to earn that much more over 40 years than if they did not.
"The internal rate of return on their investment is 26.8 percent," according to the study. "In other words, if a student put $33,368 in an investment that returned 40 annual payments equivalent to the earnings gains from an associate degree, they would earn interest at a rate of 26.9%."
That's factoring in an assumed cost of $31,883 for the degree, including tuition and other expenses as well as "opportunity" cost, which includes time spent at school instead of work.
Brian Richard, one of the study's authors from NIU's Center for Governmental Studies, said the report is based on actual earnings of graduates, rather than just national averages.
"Something unique about this is we attached, connected, actual students' records with actual wage records, so the numbers in this study reflect the reality of what those students experienced in the workforce, not just some estimates based on national averages and things," he said at the news conference. "The numbers reflect the true experience of those students that have graduated over the past 10 years or so."
A degree or even a short-term, narrow certificate can lead to higher wages and more likely long-term employment, said Brian Durham, executive director of the Illinois Community College Board.
"More than 84% of graduates with a long-term certificate or an (associate of applied science degree) are employed in jobs in their chosen career field within a year of graduation," he said. "And five years after graduation, graduates with an associate's degree who then transfer to a four-year institution have employment rates of 85 percent."
For those that earn short-term certificates, Durham said electrical and power transmission installers can earn close to $70,000, while those going into the field of fire protection can earn more than $54,000. Heating and air conditioning jobs can pay more than $48,000, while various other programs can lead to salaries for $36,000 to almost $44,000, depending on the program.
Attendees also praised the state's Workforce Equity Initiative, an annual investment of $18.7 million from the Illinois Community College Board that "allows colleges to remove barriers to student success, which may include free tuition, childcare, transportation, and educational supplies" for minority populations in at-risk communities, according to its website.
LaCrea Lott, a student at Lincoln Land Community College in Springfield through the WEI program, said it has given her "the opportunity to advance to higher heights within the medical career, whereas before, it seemed impossible to do."
"WEI has helped me to intensify my education and training to the next level," Lott said. "With the supports of the program, like free tuition, providing the technical support during the pandemic and the flexible class schedule, I was able to successfully complete my medical assistant credential."
The WEI program and community colleges in general could be an important tool in recovering from the pandemic, according to the study, because minority workers saw a disproportionate unemployment toll amid business closures, and community colleges serve "a substantial portion of African American and Latinx students."
Durham said community colleges faced challenges in the early days of the pandemic, as much of the training they provide is hands-on. While that led to "some enrollment downturns" at the height of economic shutdowns, he said, enrollment seems to have rebounded a bit, although official numbers for the year are not released yet.
According to the report, as the long-term economic changes caused by the pandemic become more apparent, "community colleges and other parts of the workforce development system can help retrain those that have permanently lost their jobs."