Golf tip: Keep your wedge game sharp to save strokes

  • Mike Carbray says keep your triangles intact to keep your wedge game sharp.

    Mike Carbray says keep your triangles intact to keep your wedge game sharp. Courtesy of Illinois Section PGA

By Mike Carbray
Butterfield Country Club
Updated 5/5/2020 6:44 PM

One of the easiest and quickest ways to lower scores is to improve distance control with your wedges. Bombing drives is fun, but what good does it do when a wedge shot misses the green?

Here are a few things I see the best wedge players all have in common. If you can devote practice time to these concepts, you will see your wedges ending closer to the hole and scores dropping.


What the best do

1. Slightly open stance in relation to the target. This allows your hips and your chest to turn though the shot.

2. Narrow stance: Feet will get closer together depending on the distance of the shot.

3. Center ball position: The ball should be in line with your sternum, and head centered over the ball. Having a head position either too far back or too far forward will affect the angle of the club hitting the ground and will give fat shots or too steep chopping motions.

4. Slightly forward weight distribution: I like to see 70% of your weight on your front leg throughout the entire swing.

5. Slower than average club speed: Your feel will be better when you swing the club slower. The best wedge players judge their distance by the length of their backswing and not the speed of the club.

Geometry to wedge it closer

To paraphrase the geometric definition for a wedge, it's a triangular-shaped simple machine used for lifting. If we can relate this to our wedge game, we can lift our ball to the desired distance easily.

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How to?

Keep the angles created at address between your lead arm and club constant though the swing. To control distance, limit the amount of wrist hinge and unhinge during the swing. This keeps the width of the swing and the loft of the club consistent. It also helps you to create a shallow angle of decent and a small divot. This is the real secret to success for wedge play. Set up to the ball and draw a line from your lead shoulder (the one closer to the target; left shoulder for a right-handed golfer) down to the center of the club face. This line will be the longest side of the wedge. You want that distance to remain the same back and though to the finish of the swing. If you then make your lead arm to the grip the second line and then grip to the end of the shaft the third line, you will see a wedge has been created. Keep that wedge from changing its shape and you will be able to control how far the ball travels every time.

How not to?

When the player adds extra wrist hinge in the backswing or flexes the lead elbow, the width of the swing changes, leading to inconsistent contact and attack angle. If the wrist angles change around impact, the loft of the club changes and distances change swing to swing. These things make it difficult to develop consistent distance control.

Now that you have the basics, let's develop three different carry distances derived from three different backswing lengths. You can practice these shots with three distinct backswing positions and find what your distances are.

Distance 1: When the backswing length has the shaft parallel to the ground. The follow-through will be a similar distance but slightly longer.

Distance 2: When the lead arm is parallel to the ground. Similar follow-though length.


Distance 3: Hands to head backswing. This third length has the backswing ending when your hands reach the level of your head.

I use a mirror or record swings with my phone to see different backswing lengths. Once you have the feel of the three different lengths, hit 10 balls with each, starting with the shaft parallel to the ground and working up to see how far these positions carry.

• Mike Carbray is director of instruction at Butterfield Country Club in Oak Brook, and owner of Journey 2 Better Golf, an indoor training facility. Contact him at, follow him @mikecarbraygolf or visit

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