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updated: 8/19/2017 7:56 AM

Police separate 500 neo-Nazis, opponents at Berlin protest

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  • Far-right extremists gather to commemorate the death of Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, in Berlin's western district  of Spandau, Saturday, Aug. 19, 2017.  Police are allowing the march, but participants are not allowed to glorify Hess, who died at Spandau prison 30 years ago. A counter demonstration is also expected.  (Maurizio Gambarini/dpa via AP)

    Far-right extremists gather to commemorate the death of Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, in Berlin's western district of Spandau, Saturday, Aug. 19, 2017. Police are allowing the march, but participants are not allowed to glorify Hess, who died at Spandau prison 30 years ago. A counter demonstration is also expected. (Maurizio Gambarini/dpa via AP)
    Associated Press

  • FILE - In this file photo dated Saturday, Aug. 21, 2004, Neo-Nazi sympathisers demonstrate prior to the beginning of a commemoration march for Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess in the northeastern Bavarian town of Wunsiedel where Hess is buried.  Police in Berlin have given far-right extremists permission to hold a 500-strong rally commemorating the death of Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess in the city’s western district of Spandau over the upcoming weekend, Friday Aug. 18, 2017.

    FILE - In this file photo dated Saturday, Aug. 21, 2004, Neo-Nazi sympathisers demonstrate prior to the beginning of a commemoration march for Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess in the northeastern Bavarian town of Wunsiedel where Hess is buried. Police in Berlin have given far-right extremists permission to hold a 500-strong rally commemorating the death of Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess in the city’s western district of Spandau over the upcoming weekend, Friday Aug. 18, 2017.
    Associated Press

  • Far-right extremists gather to commemorate the death of Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, in Berlin's western district  of Spandau, Saturday, Aug. 19, 2017.  Police are allowing the march, but participants are not allowed to glorify Hess, who died at Spandau prison 30 years ago. A counter demonstration is also expected.  (Maurizio Gambarini/dpa via AP)

    Far-right extremists gather to commemorate the death of Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, in Berlin's western district of Spandau, Saturday, Aug. 19, 2017. Police are allowing the march, but participants are not allowed to glorify Hess, who died at Spandau prison 30 years ago. A counter demonstration is also expected. (Maurizio Gambarini/dpa via AP)
    Associated Press

  • A counter demonstration marches  in Berlin, Saturday, Aug. 19, 2017 after  Police in Berlin have given far-right extremists permission to hold a 500-person strong rally commemorating the death of Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess in the city's western district of Spandau. ( Maurizio Gambarini/dpa via AP)

    A counter demonstration marches in Berlin, Saturday, Aug. 19, 2017 after Police in Berlin have given far-right extremists permission to hold a 500-person strong rally commemorating the death of Adolf Hitler's deputy Rudolf Hess in the city's western district of Spandau. ( Maurizio Gambarini/dpa via AP)
    Associated Press

  • Far-right extremists gather to commemorate the death of Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, in Berlin's western district  of Spandau, Saturday, Aug. 19, 2017.  Police are allowing the march, but participants are not allowed to glorify Hess, who died at Spandau prison 30 years ago. A counter demonstration is also expected.  (Maurizio Gambarini/dpa via AP)

    Far-right extremists gather to commemorate the death of Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, in Berlin's western district of Spandau, Saturday, Aug. 19, 2017. Police are allowing the march, but participants are not allowed to glorify Hess, who died at Spandau prison 30 years ago. A counter demonstration is also expected. (Maurizio Gambarini/dpa via AP)
    Associated Press

  • Far-right extremists gather to commemorate the death of Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, in Berlin's western district  of Spandau, Saturday, Aug. 19, 2017.  Police are allowing the march, but participants are not allowed to glorify Hess, who died at Spandau prison 30 years ago. A counter demonstration is also expected.  (Maurizio Gambarini/dpa via AP)

    Far-right extremists gather to commemorate the death of Adolf Hitler's deputy, Rudolf Hess, in Berlin's western district of Spandau, Saturday, Aug. 19, 2017. Police are allowing the march, but participants are not allowed to glorify Hess, who died at Spandau prison 30 years ago. A counter demonstration is also expected. (Maurizio Gambarini/dpa via AP)
    Associated Press

 
 

BERLIN -- Some 500 far-right extremists marched Saturday in Berlin in honor of the 30th anniversary of the death of top Nazi Rudolf Hess - and they were separated by hundreds of heavily armed police from an equal number of counter-demonstrators.

Berlin police spokesman Carsten Mueller told The Associated Press that authorities have imposed a number of restrictions on Saturday's march in the Spandau district to ensure it passes peacefully.

Police have told organizers they can march, but they're not allowed to glorify Hess, who died at Spandau prison. The neo-Nazis are allowed to bring banners: but only one for every 50 participants.

Such restrictions are common in Germany and rooted in the experience of the pre-war Weimar Republic, when opposing political groups would try to forcibly interrupt their rivals' rallies, resulting in frequent bloody street violence.

The exact rules differ according to the circumstances, but police in Germany say they generally try to balance protesters' rights to free speech and free assembly against the rights of counter-demonstrators and residents.

The rules mean that shields, helmets and batons carried by far-right and Neo-Nazi protesters in Charlottesville last weekend wouldn't be allowed in Germany.

Openly anti-Semitic chants would prompt German police to intervene, although efforts would be made to detain specific individuals rather than to stop an entire rally, police say.

Left-wing groups expect about 1,000 people to attend the counter-protests.

Hess, who received a life sentence at the Nuremberg trials for his role in planning World War II, died on Aug. 17, 1987. Allied authorities ruled his death a suicide, but Nazi sympathizers have long claimed that he was killed and organize annual marches in his honor.

The marches used to take place in the Bavarian town of Wunsiedel, where Hess was buried until authorities removed his remains.

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