EDITOR'S NOTE: As the Roman Catholic Church prepares to elect a successor to Pope Benedict XVI, The Associated Press is profiling key cardinals seen as "papabili" -- contenders to the throne. In the secretive world of the Vatican, there is no way to know who is in the running, and history has yielded plenty of surprises. But these are the names that have come up time and again in speculation. Today: Luis Antonio Tagle.
IMUS, Philippines -- Asia's most prominent Roman Catholic leader knows how to reach the masses: He sings onstage, preaches on TV, brings churchgoers to laughter and tears with his homilies. And he's on Facebook.
Contact information ( * required )
But Philippine Cardinal Luis Antonio Tagle's best response against the tide of secularism, clergy sex abuse scandals and rival-faith competition could be his reputation for humility. His compassion for the poor and unassuming ways have impressed followers in his homeland, Asia's largest Catholic nation, and church leaders in the Vatican.
Tagle's rising star has opened a previously unimaginable possibility: An Asian pope.
The Filipino prelate's chances are considered remote, as many believe that Latin America or Africa -- with their faster growing Catholic flocks -- would be more logical choices if the papal electors look beyond Europe. But even the hint of papal consideration has electrified many in the heavily Catholic Philippines, where past pontiffs had been welcomed by millions with rock-star intensity.
"It'll bring such immense glory to us and our country," said Leo Matias, one of several waiters at a Chinese restaurant in Manila's suburban Quezon city who served dinner to Pope John Paul II when he visited in 1995.
The restaurant has displayed the set of spoon, fork, table napkin, water goblet and knives -- still unwashed after the pope's meal of grilled fish and fried shrimp.
The talks surrounding Tagle have been fueled by prominent Vatican experts, who see in the boyish-looking cardinal the religious zest, stamina, charisma and communications skills that could energize the church facing crises on many fronts.
John Thavis, a Vatican analyst and author of "The Vatican Diaries," said the selection of Polish-born John Paul II in 1979 shows the "unthinkable" can occur once the cardinals are closed off in the conclave.
"There are people, even Vatican officials here, who have whispered to me, `Tagle, he's the man,"' Thavis told The Associated Press.
When asked about the papal buzz, Tagle demurred: "Only a speculation."
"He's an effective communicator and missionary at a time when Catholicism's highest internal priority is a new evangelization," John Allen, a Rome-based analyst, wrote for the National Catholic Reporter.
"Tagle incarnates the dramatic growth of Catholicism outside the West, putting a face on the dynamic and relatively angst-free form of Catholicism percolating in the Southern Hemisphere," he said. "He would certainly be a symbol of the church in the emerging world, but given his intellectual and personal qualities, hardly a hollow one."
Still, Tagle's relative youth -- at 55, he's the second youngest among the cardinals -- could be a liability. Cardinals could be reluctant to risk giving the reins of the Vatican to someone who could reign for decades.
The churchman who last caught the deep adoration of many Filipino Catholics was Cardinal Jaime Sin, who died in 2005. A beloved spiritual leader and moral compass, Sin helped rally multitudes in the massive "people power" revolts that ousted two presidents, including dictator Ferdinand Marcos in 1986.
Sin's death left a vacuum in the church saddled with the task of shepherding Catholics in a country plagued by poverty, divisions, crimes and long-raging Muslim and Marxist insurgencies. Unlike Sin, Tagle was not propelled by any extraordinary events. But people who know him say that Tagle slowly carved a reputation for simple, day-to-day acts that defined him as a man of deep faith and intellect.
The younger of two children of a pious Catholic couple who worked in a bank, Tagle dreamed of becoming a doctor. But he was redirected by a Jesuit friend to the priesthood at a seminary in the upscale Ateneo de Manila University, where he graduated summa cum laude, according to his theology professor, the Rev. Catalino Arevalo.
He's gifted with great communications skills. A wonderful storyteller with a bent for music, Tagle speaks fluent Italian, English and Tagalog. He also has proficient French and can say Mass in Latin.
But he prefers to stay in the background.
"He's not somebody who sort of wants to, by personality, put himself at the center of the stage," Arevalo said. "Now, if he's called to be in front, he has all the capability of doing it."
Tagle took clear positions on church and social issues but was never confrontational or "super militant," Arevalo said. For instance, he encouraged dialogue when he helped lead an unsuccessful church campaign against the government-endorsed health plan that promotes contraceptives.
Tagle was ordained in 1982 and became bishop in 2001 at an old cathedral, about a block from his family's home in Imus just south of Manila.
Aside from his church work, he taught theology in a hilltop seminary, where he lived for about two decades, staying in a room that had no television or air-conditioning, according to seminary staffers.
Even as a bishop, Tagle did not own a car. He took the bus or "jeepney," the popular working-class minibus, to church and elsewhere. He ate with workers and sang for a church charity, impressing many with his baritone voice.
Tagle stood out for his powerful homilies. A few years ago, he started hosting a Sunday gospel show on TV, where he preached and answered questions. Staffers then opened a Facebook page for him, which has jumped to more than 120,000 followers.
Tagle's path at some point crossed with the future pope, then-Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, who introduced him to John Paul II and reportedly assured the pontiff in jest that the Filipino with a youthful face has received his first communion.
Ratzinger appointed Tagle as a member of the Vatican's International Theological Commission, or ITC, and was impressed with his research work and papers. "I am sure that it was because of what he saw in him at the ITC that Pope Benedict chose him for Manila and then for the red hat" of a cardinal, said the Rev. Joseph Komonchak, one of Tagle's instructors at Catholic University of America.
In October 2011, Benedict declared Tagle the new archbishop of Manila, then just a year later, elevated him to cardinal. Tagle tearfully acknowledged in a recent homily in Imus that he was overwhelmed by his rapid rise. "It's unnerving," he said.
Larger audiences have turned up to listen to his talks and homilies, where he often raised the need for the Catholic Church to reconnect with people. Almost always, Tagle is mobbed like a movie star by fans jostling to get his picture.
"I think many of the cardinals will say, `It's too much, too soon,"' the professor Arevalo said of Tagle's chances in the conclave. But he added: "We don't know what God wants. If God wants it, God will make up for it."