As Chicago struggles to quell gang violence that has contributed to a jump in homicides, a top elected official wants to tax the sale of every bullet and firearm -- an effort that has national gun-rights advocates already considering a legal challenge.
Cook County Board President Toni Preckwinkle submitted a proposed budget on Thursday that would impose a tax of a nickel for each bullet and $25 for each firearm sold in the nation's second-largest county.
Preckwinkle's office estimates the tax would generate about $1 million a year, money that would be used for various county services including medical care for gunshot victims. Law enforcement officials would not have to pay the tax, but the office said it would apply to 40 federally licensed gun dealers in the county.
Through last week, the city reported 409 homicides this year compared to 324 during the same period in 2011. Although the violence still doesn't approach the nearly 900 homicides a year Chicago averaged in the 1990s, officials say gang activity was largely to blame for a rash of shootings earlier this year.
Preckwinkle insists the ordinance is far more about addressing gun violence than raising money for a county that faces a deficit of more than $260 million next year.
"The violence in Cook County is devastating, and the wide availability of ammunition only exacerbates the problem," she told the board Thursday.
Commissioner Tim Schneider, a Bartlett Republican, scoffed at Preckwinkle's proposed taxes on firearms and bullets.
"We cannot continue to tax businesses out of the county and punish law-abiding citizens who exercise their constitutional right," he said. "There are 20 different ways we could have found a million dollars. What statement is she trying to make with this? If this is about crime, then the money generated should be going to prevent crime instead of going into the general fund."
Dave Workman, of the Citizens Committee for the Right to Bear Arms, said the tax idea is sure to infuriate gun-rights advocates when they hear about it.
"It's not the law-abiding citizens stacking bodies like cordwood in Chicago; it's the bad guys," he said.
Preckwinkle sought to fend off that argument during her remarks Thursday. She said nearly a third of the guns recovered by police after being used in Chicago crimes had been purchased legally, initially at least, in suburban Cook County.
Earlier this week during a meeting with a newspaper editor board, Preckwinkle called the county's legal gun shops "a conduit for crimes in Chicago," according to a transcript released by her office.
Neither Preckwinkle spokeswoman Kristen Mack nor a National Rifle Association spokesman knew of any other local jurisdiction in the nation that has imposed a tax on bullets, even though some have considered it. Legislation on such a tax was previously introduced by state lawmakers in Springfield, but it was never voted on, Mack said.
Gun rights advocates from around the country who watched closely as Chicago's handgun ban made its way through the courts, culminating in a U.S. Supreme Court decision in 2010 to overturn it, say this proposal has definitely caught their attention.
"Eyes are on Chicago and Illinois right now," said Andrew Arulanandam, a NRA spokesman.
Richard Pearson, executive director of the Illinois State Rifle Association, predicted the effort would "drive business out of Cook County" and into other counties and bordering states, such as Indiana and Wisconsin.
Commissioner John Fritchey questioned whether county was setting itself up for a lawsuit that would cost more money than the tax would bring in. He also wondered if it would have any role in reducing crime.
"I don't think a nickel a bullet will cause a shooter to rethink pulling the trigger," he said.
While Arulanandam promised that the NRA "will jump on this issue," and perhaps sue, Preckwinkle said she wasn't worried about a lawsuit.
"You're welcome to sue," she said. "We've looked at this and we believe we can survive any challenge."
• Daily Herald staff writer Jake Griffin contributed to this report.