How ESSA measures schools

 

How ESSA measures schools

School quality will be measured through standardized tests, alternative assessments, academic growth, English language proficiency, science scores, success on college entrance tests, and graduation rates, as well as factors such as chronic absenteeism and school climate surveys.

Schools will be designated among four tiers starting with the 2018-19 school year:

•Tier 1, Exemplary School: Has no underperforming subgroups, a graduation rate greater than 67 percent, and performance is in the top 10 percent of schools statewide.

•Tier 2, Commendable School: Has no underperforming subgroups, a graduation rate greater than 67 percent, yet performance is not in the top 10 percent of schools statewide. Tier 1 and 2 schools may apply to coach other schools as members of a preapproved network of partners.

•Tier 3, Underperforming School: One or more subgroups is performing at or below the level of "all students" in the lowest 5 percent of Title I schools. Such schools would receive targeted support.

•Tier 4, Lowest Performing School: In the lowest-performing 5 percent of Title I schools in Illinois and those high schools that have a graduation rate of 67 percent or less. Such schools would receive comprehensive support.

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Every school also will receive a grade, specifically for growth, on an A through F scale beginning with the 2019-20 school year. Grades will be determined based on an annual comparison with similar schools in the state.

The law targets the lowest-performing 5 percent of schools for support, including more funding, teacher training, coaching, technical resources and pairing with other school districts for additional help. But educators fear more federal funding could reduce how much state aid districts receive, essentially supplanting funds.

Source: Illinois State Board of Education

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