Turkish forces push deeper into Syria, with deaths rising

  • In this photo taken from the Turkish side of the border between Turkey and Syria, in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, smoke billows from targets in Tel Abyad, Syria, during bombardment by Turkish forces, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019.

    In this photo taken from the Turkish side of the border between Turkey and Syria, in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, smoke billows from targets in Tel Abyad, Syria, during bombardment by Turkish forces, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Associated Press

  • A member of the family of ten-month-old Mohammed Omar Saar, killed during incoming shelling from Syria Thursday, is cries during the funeral processon in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019.

    A member of the family of ten-month-old Mohammed Omar Saar, killed during incoming shelling from Syria Thursday, is cries during the funeral processon in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Associated Press

  • Mourners carry the coffin of ten-month-old Mohammed Omar Saar, killed during incoming shelling from Syria Thursday, in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019.

    Mourners carry the coffin of ten-month-old Mohammed Omar Saar, killed during incoming shelling from Syria Thursday, in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Associated Press

  • People walk in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, as in the background, Turkish forces artillery pieces fire targets towards Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019.

    People walk in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, as in the background, Turkish forces artillery pieces fire targets towards Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Associated Press

  • Syrian Kurdish fighters of Turkey-backed Free Syrian Army enter Turkey from Syria to join fighting alongside Turkish forces against US-backed Kurds, in Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Turkish forces pushed deeper into northeastern Syria on Friday, the third day of Ankara's cross-border offensive against Syrian Kurdish fighters that has set off another mass displacement of civilians and met with widespread criticism from the international community.(Ugur Can/DHA via AP)

    Syrian Kurdish fighters of Turkey-backed Free Syrian Army enter Turkey from Syria to join fighting alongside Turkish forces against US-backed Kurds, in Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Turkish forces pushed deeper into northeastern Syria on Friday, the third day of Ankara's cross-border offensive against Syrian Kurdish fighters that has set off another mass displacement of civilians and met with widespread criticism from the international community.(Ugur Can/DHA via AP) Associated Press

  • Turkish forces artillery pieces in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, fire targets towards Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019.

    Turkish forces artillery pieces in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, fire targets towards Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Associated Press

  • Mourners carry the coffin of ten-month-old Mohammed Omar Saar, killed during incoming shelling from Syria Thursday, in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019.

    Mourners carry the coffin of ten-month-old Mohammed Omar Saar, killed during incoming shelling from Syria Thursday, in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Associated Press

  • Members of the family of ten-month-old Mohammed Omar Saar, killed during incoming shelling from Syria Thursday, leave the cemetery following the funeral in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019.

    Members of the family of ten-month-old Mohammed Omar Saar, killed during incoming shelling from Syria Thursday, leave the cemetery following the funeral in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Associated Press

  • Syrian Kurdish fighters of Turkey-backed Free Syrian Army enter Turkey from Syria to join fighting alongside Turkish forces against US-backed Kurds, in Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Turkish forces pushed deeper into northeastern Syria on Friday, the third day of Ankara's cross-border offensive against Syrian Kurdish fighters that has set off another mass displacement of civilians and met with widespread criticism from the international community.(Ugur Can/DHA via AP)

    Syrian Kurdish fighters of Turkey-backed Free Syrian Army enter Turkey from Syria to join fighting alongside Turkish forces against US-backed Kurds, in Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Turkish forces pushed deeper into northeastern Syria on Friday, the third day of Ankara's cross-border offensive against Syrian Kurdish fighters that has set off another mass displacement of civilians and met with widespread criticism from the international community.(Ugur Can/DHA via AP) Associated Press

  • Turkish police officers secure the area of the cemetery where the grave of ten-month-old Mohammed Omar Saar, killed during incoming shelling from Syria Thursday, is following the funeral in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019.

    Turkish police officers secure the area of the cemetery where the grave of ten-month-old Mohammed Omar Saar, killed during incoming shelling from Syria Thursday, is following the funeral in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Associated Press

  • Turkish police officers secure the area as a Turkish flag-draped mourner attends the funeral of ten-month-old Mohammed Omar Saar, killed during incoming shelling from Syria Thursday, in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019.

    Turkish police officers secure the area as a Turkish flag-draped mourner attends the funeral of ten-month-old Mohammed Omar Saar, killed during incoming shelling from Syria Thursday, in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Associated Press

  • People on a motorcycle arrive on a field in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, to watch after Turkish forces artillery pieces firing towards targets in Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019.

    People on a motorcycle arrive on a field in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, to watch after Turkish forces artillery pieces firing towards targets in Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Associated Press

  • People walk in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, as in the background, Turkish forces artillery pieces fire targets towards Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019.

    People walk in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, as in the background, Turkish forces artillery pieces fire targets towards Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Associated Press

  • Youths drive past shops, closed by owners for fear of incoming shelling from Syria, in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. The towns along Turkey's border with northeastern Syria have been on high alert after dozens of mortars fired from Kurdish-held Syria landed, killing at least nine civilians.

    Youths drive past shops, closed by owners for fear of incoming shelling from Syria, in Akcakale, Sanliurfa province, southeastern Turkey, at the border with Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. The towns along Turkey's border with northeastern Syria have been on high alert after dozens of mortars fired from Kurdish-held Syria landed, killing at least nine civilians. Associated Press

  • Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan waves to his supporters after Friday prayers, in Istanbul, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu is at the left.(Presidential Press Service via AP, Pool)

    Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdogan waves to his supporters after Friday prayers, in Istanbul, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu is at the left.(Presidential Press Service via AP, Pool) Associated Press

  • Members of a leftist group stage a protest against the NATO and the war in Syria, in Istanbul, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Turkish forces pushed deeper into northeastern Syria on Friday, the third day of Ankara's cross-border offensive against Syrian Kurdish fighters that has set off another mass displacement of civilians and met with widespread criticism from the international community.

    Members of a leftist group stage a protest against the NATO and the war in Syria, in Istanbul, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Turkish forces pushed deeper into northeastern Syria on Friday, the third day of Ankara's cross-border offensive against Syrian Kurdish fighters that has set off another mass displacement of civilians and met with widespread criticism from the international community. Associated Press

  • People gather after a car bomb exploded in the town of Qamishli, Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Turkish forces faced intense resistance by U.S.-allied Syrian Kurdish fighters on the third day of Ankara's offensive, as casualties mounted, international criticism of the campaign intensified and an estimated 100,000 people fled the violence.

    People gather after a car bomb exploded in the town of Qamishli, Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Turkish forces faced intense resistance by U.S.-allied Syrian Kurdish fighters on the third day of Ankara's offensive, as casualties mounted, international criticism of the campaign intensified and an estimated 100,000 people fled the violence. Associated Press

  • People gather after a car bomb exploded in the town of Qamishli, Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Turkish forces faced intense resistance by U.S.-allied Syrian Kurdish fighters on the third day of Ankara's offensive, as casualties mounted, international criticism of the campaign intensified and an estimated 100,000 people fled the violence.

    People gather after a car bomb exploded in the town of Qamishli, Syria, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Turkish forces faced intense resistance by U.S.-allied Syrian Kurdish fighters on the third day of Ankara's offensive, as casualties mounted, international criticism of the campaign intensified and an estimated 100,000 people fled the violence. Associated Press

  • Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin announces the threat of sanctions on Turkey in the Briefing Room of the White House in Washington, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. The White House is putting Turkey on notice that it could face new "powerful sanctions" and the US. will "shut down the Turkish economy" if Ankara goes too far in its incursion against the Kurds in northern Syria.

    Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin announces the threat of sanctions on Turkey in the Briefing Room of the White House in Washington, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. The White House is putting Turkey on notice that it could face new "powerful sanctions" and the US. will "shut down the Turkish economy" if Ankara goes too far in its incursion against the Kurds in northern Syria. Associated Press

  • FILE - In this Aug. 28, 2019, file photo, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper speaks to reporters during a briefing at the Pentagon. Esper says the "impulsive" decision by Turkey to invade northern Syria will further destabilize a region already caught up in civil war. Esper says the invasion puts America's Syrian Kurdish partners "in harm's way," but insists the Kurds are not being abandoned.

    FILE - In this Aug. 28, 2019, file photo, Secretary of Defense Mark Esper speaks to reporters during a briefing at the Pentagon. Esper says the "impulsive" decision by Turkey to invade northern Syria will further destabilize a region already caught up in civil war. Esper says the invasion puts America's Syrian Kurdish partners "in harm's way," but insists the Kurds are not being abandoned. Associated Press

  • Russian President Vladimir Putin speaks at the Summit of leaders from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. (Alexei Druzhinin, Sputnik, Kremlin Pool Photo via AP)

    Russian President Vladimir Putin speaks at the Summit of leaders from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. (Alexei Druzhinin, Sputnik, Kremlin Pool Photo via AP) Associated Press

  • Cyprus' President Nicos Anastasiades, right, talks with European Council President Donald Tusk as he arrives for a meeting at the presidential palace in divided capital Nicosia, Cyprus, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Tusk is in Cyprus for one-day visit.

    Cyprus' President Nicos Anastasiades, right, talks with European Council President Donald Tusk as he arrives for a meeting at the presidential palace in divided capital Nicosia, Cyprus, Friday, Oct. 11, 2019. Tusk is in Cyprus for one-day visit. Associated Press

 
 
Updated 10/11/2019 2:26 PM

AKCAKALE, Turkey -- Turkish forces faced fierce resistance from U.S.-allied Syrian Kurdish fighters on the third day of Ankara's offensive in northern Syria, as casualties mounted, international criticism of the campaign intensified and estimates put the number of those who fled the violence at 100,000.

Turkey said it captured more Kurdish-held villages in the border region, while a hospital in a Syrian town was abandoned and a camp of 4,000 displaced residents about 12 kilometers (7 miles) from the frontier was evacuated after artillery shells landed nearby.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
 

Reflecting international fears that Turkey's offensive could revive the Islamic State group, two car bombs exploded outside a restaurant in the Kurdish-controlled urban center of Qamishli, killing three people, and the extremists claimed responsibility. The city also was heavily shelled by Turkish forces.

Kurdish fighters waged intense battles against advancing Turkish troops that sought to take control of two major towns along the Turkish-Syrian border, a war monitor said.

The U.N. estimated the number of displaced at 100,000 since Wednesday, saying that markets, schools and clinics also were closed. Aid agencies have warned of a humanitarian crisis, with nearly a half-million people at risk in northeastern Syria.

U.S. President Donald Trump cleared the way for Turkey's air and ground invasion after he pulled American troops from their positions near the border, drawing swift bipartisan criticism that he was endangering regional stability and putting at risk the lives of Syrian Kurdish allies who brought down the Islamic State group in Syria.

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U.S. Defense Secretary Mark Esper said Washington is "greatly disappointed" by the offensive, which has badly damaged already frayed relations with NATO-ally Turkey. In a strong statement of support for the Kurds, Esper insisted that "we are not abandoning our Kurdish partner forces, and U.S. troops remain with them in other parts of Syria."

Army Gen. Mark Milley, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, emphasized that U.S. forces are still working with Kurdish fighters.

U.S. troops conducted a military patrol about 30 kilometers (19 miles) south of Tal Abyad, in their first visible deployment since Turkey launched the operation. American troops had pulled out of the border area in Syria earlier this week and Trump said the estimated 1,000 U.S. troops were not in harm's way. A U.S. official said, speaking on condition of anonymity to brief reporters, said the patrol was not in support of operations against the Turkish offensive.

Video showed five armored personnel carriers moving from west of Ein Issa in the direction of Tal Abyad, and the U.S. official said they avoid areas where active combat operations were taking place.

Despite the criticism, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said his country "will not take a step back" from its offensive.

"We will never stop this step. We will not stop no matter what anyone says," he said in a speech Friday.

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       
 

Plumes of black smoke billowed Friday from the Syrian border town of Tal Abyad as Turkey continued bombarding the area in an offensive that was progressing "successfully as planned," the Turkish Defense Ministry said.

Turkish troops and their allied Syrian opposition forces have advanced up to 8 kilometers (5 miles) into Syrian territory, Turkish Vice President Fuat Oktay told TRT World television. Turkey has said the military intends to move 30 kilometers (19 miles) into Syria and that its operation will last until all "terrorists are neutralized."

Turkey considers the Syrian Kurdish fighters to be terrorists linked to a Kurdish insurgency inside Turkey and says the offensive is a counterterrorism operation necessary for its own national security.

The Turkish Defense Ministry said four of its soldiers have been killed since Wednesday, with three wounded. Defense Minister Hulusi Akar said 342 "terrorists" - Ankara's term for Syrian Kurdish militiamen - have been killed so far. The figure could not be independently verified.

The Kurdish-led force said 22 of its fighters were killed since Wednesday.

The Kurdish militia has fired dozens of mortars into Turkey in the past two days, including Akcakale, according to officials in two provinces on the Turkish side. They said at least 17 civilians were killed in the shelling, including a 9-month-old boy and three girls under 15.

Mourners in Akcakale carried the coffin of the slain boy, Mohammed Omar Saar, as many shouted, "Damn the PKK!" referring to the Kurdish insurgent group in Turkey linked to Syrian Kurdish fighters. The PKK is considered a terrorist group by Turkey, the United States and other countries.

One attack hit the town of Suruc, and a child in the town of Ceylanpinar died of his wounds Thursday night, the Anadolu Agency reported.

On the Syrian side, seven civilians have been killed since Wednesday, activists said.

Russian President Vladimir Putin said he doubted the Turkish army has enough resources to take control of prison camps in the region housing Islamic State detainees, and he fears the captured fighters "could just run away," leading to a revival of the militant group.

"We have to be aware of this and mobilize the resources of our intelligence to undercut this emerging tangible threat," Putin said during a visit to Turkmenistan.

The Syrian Kurdish forces had been holding more than 10,000 IS members, but they said they are being forced to abandon some of those positions to fight the Turkish invasion.

Separately, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg urged Ankara to exercise restraint, although he acknowledged what he said was Turkey's legitimate security concerns about the Syrian Kurdish fighters.

In a news conference with Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu, Stoltenberg also expressed concern that the offensive could jeopardize gains made against IS. Cavusoglu said Turkey expected solidarity from its allies.

"It is not enough to say you understand Turkey's legitimate concerns; we want to see this solidarity in a clear way," he said.

European Union Council chief Donald Tusk expressed "grave concern" about the operation. Abandoning the Kurdish forces who have been crucial in fighting IS "is not only a bad idea" but raises questions "both of a strategic and moral nature," he said.

Tusk said a threat by Erdogan to let Syrian refugees flood into Europe was "totally out of place," adding that the EU will never accept "that refugees are weaponized and used to blackmail us."

Amélie de Montchalin, the French secretary for European affairs, said sanctions against Turkey will be "on the table" at next week's European Union summit, telling France Inter radio that Europe should respond to what she called a shocking situation. European diplomats in Brussels have responded cautiously to the idea of sanctions, even though Turkey's actions have brought near-unanimous criticism.

The White House also put Turkey on notice it could face new "powerful sanctions" and that the U.S. will "shut down the Turkish economy" if Ankara goes too far, with U.S. Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin saying Washington hopes it will not have to use its new, expanded sanctions authority that Trump has authorized.

The Turkish operation aims to create a corridor of control along Turkey's border that clears out the Syrian Kurdish fighters. Such a "safe zone" would end the Kurds' autonomy in the area and put much of their population under Turkish control. Ankara wants to settle 2 million Syrian refugees, mainly Arabs, in the zone.

Syrian Kurdish authorities said they were evacuating about 4,000 people in the Mabrouka camp, west of Ras al-Ayn, because of artillery fire. Aid groups say there was no direct hit on the camp, located 12 kilometers, or 7 miles, from the border.

Doctors Without Borders said the fighting forced it to shut down a hospital it supports in the border town of Tal Abyad serving more than 200,000 people because most of the residents had to leave, including the medical staff and their relatives.

The group said aid groups had to suspend or limit operations in the al-Hol camp, home to more than 70,000 women and children located 50 kilometers (30 miles) from the Turkish border, as well as the Ain Eissa camp.

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El Deeb reported from Beirut. Associated Press writers Suzan Fraser in Ankara, Turkey, and Zeynep Bilginsoy in Istanbul contributed.

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