BANGKOK -- Thailand's coup leaders said Saturday, May 24, they would keep former Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra, Cabinet members and anti-government protest leaders detained for up to a week to give them "time to think" and to keep the country calm. They also summoned outspoken academics to report to the junta.
The moves appear aimed at preventing any political leaders or other high-profile figures from rallying opposition to the military, which seized power Thursday after months of sometimes violent street protests and deadlock between the elected government and protesters supported by Thailand's elite establishment.
For a second day, hundreds of anti-coup protesters defied the military's ban on large gatherings and shouted slogans and waved signs outside a Bangkok cinema.
The demonstrators vowed to march to a nearby army base, but soldiers with riot shields prevented them.
A few hours later, the protesters began walking to Victory Monument, a major city landmark about 5.6 miles away. Rows of soldiers and police were lined up on a road near Victory Monument to stop the marchers.
Most of Bangkok, however, remained calm on Saturday, and there was little military presence on the streets.
Deputy army spokesman Col. Weerachon Sukondhapatipak said that all the detainees were being well-treated and that the aim of the military was to achieve a political compromise.
"This is in a bid for everybody who is involved in the conflict to calm down and have time to think," Weerachon said. "We don't intend to limit their freedom, but it is to relieve the pressure."
The country's military leaders also summoned an additional 35 people, including more politicians, political activists and, for the first time, outspoken academics, to "maintain peace and order." It was not immediately clear whether they would be detained.
One of those on the list, Kyoto University professor of Southeast Asian studies Pavin Chachavalpongpun, said by telephone from Japan that he would not turn himself in. He said the summons meant the junta felt insecure.
"The military claiming to be a mediator in the Thai conflict, that is all just nonsense," he said. "This is not about paving the way for reform and democratization. We are really going back to the crudest form of authoritarianism."
The United States, Thailand's key ally, suspended $3.5 million in military aid on Friday, and State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf said Washington was reviewing a further $7 million in direct U.S. assistance. The U.S. also recommended Americans reconsider any nonessential travel to Thailand.
The army says it launched the coup to prevent more turmoil after two days of peace talks in which neither political faction would agree to back down from its stance in the ongoing political crisis. It was the 12th time in eight decades that Thailand's powerful military has seized power.
For months, anti-government protesters linked to Thailand's royalist establishment had blocked streets in Bangkok, demanding that the government step down over allegations of corruption and ties to Yingluck's brother, exiled former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, who was himself deposed in a 2006 military coup.
Populist parties affiliated with the Shinawatras have won every election since 2001 in Thailand. Thaksin still wields enormous influence over the country's political affairs and remains at the heart of the ongoing crisis.
The protesters have been demanding that the government resign in favor of an nonelected council, while the government said it was elected by a clear majority in 2010 and could not step down. An election was held in February, but was invalidated by a court after violence disrupted voting.
It was unclear Saturday exactly how many political leaders were being detained by the army.
Among the officials who showed up at an army compound in Bangkok on Friday were Yingluck, who was removed from office by a court earlier this month on nepotism charges, and her temporary replacement, Niwattumrong Boonsongpaisan, according to Yingluck's aide Wim Rungwattanachinda.
Several Cabinet members as well as leaders of the anti-government protests have been held since Thursday's coup.
Education Minister Chaturon Chaisang, an outspoken critic of the military's intervention in politics, remained in hiding. Chaturon said in a Facebook post that the coup would only worsen the country's political atmosphere. He vowed not to turn himself in, but said he would not resist arrest.
U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay urged Thailand to "ensure respect for human rights and a prompt restoration of the rule of law in the country." Human rights groups, including Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International, criticized the detentions of political leaders.
"The regime must immediately clarify a legal basis for this move and where they are. No one should be detained on the basis for their peaceful political opinions or affiliations," said Richard Bennett, Amnesty's Asia-Pacific director.